Rocks and Red Foxes: Orthoceras Fossil

Orthoceras (“straight horn”) is a genus of extinct nautiloid cephalopod.*

A cephalopod is any member of the molluscan class Cephalopoda (Greek plural Κεφαλόποδα (kephalópoda); “head-feet”). These exclusively marine animals are characterized by bilateral body symmetry, a prominent head, and a set of arms or tentacles (muscular hydrostats) modified from the primitive molluscan foot. Fishermen sometimes call them inkfish, referring to their common ability to squirt ink. The study of cephalopods is a branch of malacology known as teuthology.

Cephalopods became dominant during the Ordovician period, represented by primitive nautiloids. The class now contains two, only distantly related, extant subclasses: Coleoidea, which includes octopuses, squid, and cuttlefish; and Nautiloidea, represented by Nautilus and Allonautilus. In the Coleoidea, the molluscan shell has been internalized or is absent, whereas in the Nautiloidea, the external shell remains. About 800 living species of cephalopods have been identified. Two important extinct taxa are the Ammonoidea (ammonites) and Belemnoidea (belemnites).” **

In lamens terms, when you see a sign for a fossil of an orthoceras (or multiple of them) you’re seeing a sign for a fossil of an ancester to squids, octopus, and cuttlefish.The fossils are common and occur in any marine rock but especially in limestone.

For more information on Orthoceras and Cephalopods visit these sites:

  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orthoceras
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cephalopod
  3. http://www.fossils-facts-and-finds.com/orthoceras.html

First picture was taken by me of the Orthoceras fossil I bought recently at The Crystal Fox. The second is from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Orthoceras_BW.jpg

Rocks: Onyx (Black)

Onyx is a member of the Chalcedony family which also includes carnelian, agate, bloodstone, adventurine, etc. The Chalcedony family “ is a cryptocrystalline form of silica, composed of very fine intergrowths of the minerals quartz and moganite.“* Onyx comes in a variety of colors but black onyx is what most people think of when they think/see/hear the word onyx.

Onyx is used like many other stones for mundane purposes including for countertops and whatnot. Magickally though, it is used for many purposes with a rich history. Onyx is a common find in jewelry for purely aesthetic and magickal reasons.

Greek mythology says onyx was once the fingernails of Venus but Cupid cut off her fingernails and scattered them on the Earth which the Fates turned into onyx so that no heavenly body part would ever perish. Weird, I know.

Corresponces: Linked to Celtic Great Mother Goddesses and Dieties of the Underworld as well as to the sabbat of Imbolc.

Mystical Properties: “Onyx is thought to increase regeneration, happiness, intuition and one’s instincts. It is also told to decrease sexual desire, and to aid in changing bad habits.”** Also said to deflect negative energy and aid in self control.

Healing Properties: “It is known to be particularly helpful with skin ailments, healing infected wounds as well as fungal infections, inflammation and even sunburn.“**

Magickal Uses: In amulets or talismans to combat negative energies or for any of the reasons as listed in mystical properties above or in rituals for the sabbats and dieties they correspond to.

Picture Source: (1) from me!, (2) http://www.thecrystalfox.com/index.php?route=product/product&keyword=onyx&category_id=54&product_id=1681. Both pictures are of Crystal Fox products though. It’s where I bought my hunk of onyx.

Wikipedia page for Chalcedony (*): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chalcedony

** Link: http://shimmerlings.com/gemstones/onyx.htm

Other Correspondences to Celtic Great Mother Goddesses and Dieties of the Underworld (as well as other groups of Celtic dieties and their correspondences): http://www.oocities.org/athens/olympus/6581/correspondences9.html

Other Correspondences to Imbolc: http://www.workingwitch.com/yearwheel/imbolc.html

For more information on Onyx (listed my favorite sources):

  1. http://books.google.com/books?id=8KQQTcjkVgoC&pg=PT115&lpg=PT115&dq=onyx+dj+conway&source=bl&ots=9yedK_gwtl&sig=32rfaFwaMLVdgpfYqBoV1IdEcZw&hl=en&sa=X&ei=JDriT6_3Kqn86gHv-b0K&ved=0CEIQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false
  2. http://www.bardwood.com/stones.htm
  3. http://wicca.com/celtic/stones/stonek-o.htm
  4. (mundane) http://www.mineralszone.com/stones/onyx.html

Rocks: Rocks, Gems, and Jewels in Jewelry

I’ve been fangling with the idea of creating some of my own jewelry and about how I could incorporate rocks/gems/stones into talismans without buying pendants that cost more. This seems like an excellant way to do it… only I don’t know how to make that netting. Anyone know where to find instructions? I’m been looking and can’t seem to find any.

Picture Source: http://chasingthegreenfaerie.tumblr.com/